Step 1: Diagram the network
A network diagram is a map of the logical topology of the network. In the space below, sketch a simple peer-to-peer network connecting two PCs. Label one PC with IP address 192.168.1.1 and the other PC with IP address 192.168.1.2. Use labels to indicate connecting media and any necessary network devices.
A simple network like the one you designed can use a hub or switch as a central connecting device, or the PCs may be directly connected. Which kind of cable is required for a direct Ethernet connection between the two PCs?
Jenis kabel yang dapat digunakan untuk menghubungkan antara computer dengan computer yaitu kabel yang bertipe Cross-Over
Step 2: Document the PCs
Check the computer name settings for each PC and make adjustments as necessary. For each PC, select Start and Control Panel. Double-click the System icon, then click the Computer Name tab. Write down the computer name that is displayed following Full computer name:
PC1 Name: Komputer 1
PC2 Name: Komputer 2
Why is it important that each PC on a network have a unique name?
Karena dengan memiliki nama yang Uniqe akan member kemudahan untuk setiap pengguna melakukan koneksi dengan bagian sumber yang lain dan dapat juga melakukan identifikasi perangkat pendukung juga lokasinya.
Step 3: Connect the Ethernet cable
Use the Ethernet crossover cable provided by the instructor. Plug one end of the cable into the Ethernet NIC of PC1.
Plug the other end of the cable into the Ethernet NIC of PC2. As you insert the cable, you should hear a click which indicates that the cable connector is properly inserted into the port.
Step 4: Verify physical connectivity
Go to the Control Panel, double click the Network Connections icon, and confirm that the local area connection is established. The following figure shows an active local area connection. If physical connectivity problems exist, you will see a red X over the Local Area Connection icon with the words Network cable unplugged.
Step 5: Configure IP settings
Configure the logical addresses for the two PCs so that they are able to communicate using TCP/IP. On one of the PCs, go to the Control Panel, double click the Network Connections icon, and then right click the connected Local Area Connection icon. Choose Properties from the pull-down menu.
Using the scroll bar in the Local Area Connection Properties window, scroll down to highlight Internet Protocol (TCP/IP). Click the Properties button.
Select the Use the following IP address radio button and enter the following information:
IP Address 192.168.1.1
Subnet Mask 255.255.255.0
Step 6: Verify IP connectivity between the two PCs
a. On PC1, on the Windows XP desktop, click Start. From the Start menu, select Control Panel, and double-click Network Connections.
b. Right-click the Local Area Connection icon and select Properties. Click the Advanced tab. Locate and click the Settings button.
c. Make a note of whether the firewall settings are ENABLED (ON) for the Ethernet port or DISABLED(OFF) for the Ethernet port.
Firewall harus berada dalam Off
d. If the firewall settings are enabled, click the Off (not recommended) radio button to disable the firewall. The setting will be re-enabled in a later step. Click OK in this dialog box and the following to apply this setting.
e. Now that the two PCs are physically connected and configured correctly with IP addresses, we need to make sure they communicate with each other. The ping command is a simple way to accomplish this task. The ping command is included with the Windows XP operating system.
f. On PC1, go to Start, then Run. Type cmd, and then click OK. A Windows command prompt window will appear as shown in the figure below.
g. At the > prompt, type ping 192.168.1.2 and press Enter. A successful ping will verify the IP connectivity. It should produce results similar to those shown in here.
Step 7: Verify connectivity using My Network Places
- A PC can share its resources with other PCs on the network. PCs with shared resources should be visible through My Network Places. On PC1, go to Start, click My Network Places, and then click View workgroup computers in the left panel.
- Do you see an icon for the other PC in your peer-to-peer network?
Ya, saya melihat icon untuk PC yang lain di jaringan yang bertipe peer-to-peer
- What is the name of the other PC
- Is it the same name you recorded in Step 2?
Ya, memiliki nama yang sama